According to the research, which explored the impact of Asia's digital transformation, three-quarters of respondents (76%) said that the online dominance of English prevented their countrymen and women from fully participating in a digitally economic, cultural and social life. Similarly, 76% of respondents cite lack of affordable Internet service as a major barrier and 72% cite lack of affordable devices.

Along with language difficulties, 84% of respondents said poor online security, concerns about government censorship (71%), paucity of useful local content (68%) and fear of new technology (57%) as potential disincentives to mass online participation.